Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)

According to the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (on-line, 1999):

            - Traditional hospital surgical centers
            - Obstetrical delivery room
            - Ambulatory surgical centers
            - Dentist offices
            - Podiatrist offices
            - Plastic Surgeon offices                                       For more information, visit the AANA web site www.aana.com

LINKS

History of the CRNA Profession

Educational Requirements of CRNAs

Quality of CRNA Care

Cost Effectiveness of CRNA Care

The Future of the CRNA Profession

References

Further Sites of Interest





History of the CRNA profession

     The first group of professionals in the United States to deliver anesthesia services to patients were nurses. Nurse anesthesia, which has also been referred to as "the first clinical nursing specialty", was developed in the late 1800ís at the request of surgeons who were looking for a solution to the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with anesthesia.(AANA, On-line, 1999)
     Surgeons felt that nurses would be able to give the patients undivided attention throughout surgical procedures, and thus became the professional discipline of nurse anesthesia. A few years later, in 1909 the first educational program to prepare nurse anesthetists was established.  (www.aana.com/library/history.asp)

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Educational Requirements of CRNAs

According to the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (On-line, 1999), the educational admission requirements to a nurse anesthetist program includes:

- A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or other appropriate baccalaureate degree
- License as a Registered Nurse (RN)
- A minimum of one year acute care nursing experience (which can include; Intensive
    Care, Coronary Care, and Emergency Nursing)
                For further info regarding educational requirements see www.aana.com/library/naeducation.asp

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Quality of CRNA Care

                                              See www.aana.com/library/quality.asp for further info

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Cost Effectiveness of CRNA Care

 All of the info above, and further information can be found at:
 www.aana.com/library/costeffect.asp

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The Future of the CRNA Profession
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References
                                                            References
         American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. (1999). Cost Effectiveness of Nurse Anesthesia Practice.
     [On-line].  Available: http://www.aana.com/library/costeffect.asp

          American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. (1999). History of Nurse Anesthetists. [On-line]. Available:
     http://www.aana.com/library/history.asp

          American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. (1999). Nurse Anesthesia Education. [On-line]. Available:
     http://www.aana.com/library/naeducation.asp

          American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. (1999). Quality of Care in Anesthesia. [On-line]. Available:
     http://www.aana.com/library/qualityofcare.asp

          American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. (1999). Quality of Nurse Anesthesia Practice. [On-line].
     Available: http://www.aana.com/library/quality.asp

          Bankert, M. (1989). Watchful Care: A History of America's Nurse Anesthetists. New York: Continuum.

          Forrest, WH. (1980). Outcome - The Effect of the Provider. Health Care Delivery in Anesthesia. (Chapter 15,
     pp.137-142). Philadelphia: George F. Stickley Company.

          Health Care Financing Administration. B-98-2. (1998)

          Minnesota Department of Health. ( Jan 1995). Anesthesia Practices Study. St. Paul Minnesota: Minnesota
     Department of Health.

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Further Sites of Interest

            http://www.anesthesia-nursing.com/

            http://www.aana.com/

            http://www.ncana.com/

            http://www.kpsan.org/

            http://www.nurseweek.com/features/99-1/crna.html

            http://www.nurseweek.com/features/98-6/turf.html

            http://www.xact.org/letters/012698qy-mod-letter.html

            http://www.pana.org/nurseanesthesia.htm

            http://www.npg.com/npg/crna.htm

            http://www.nursingnet.org/

            http://www.nursingworld.org/
 

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